SAMAR'ITAN, a. 1. Pertaining to Samaria, the principal city of the ten tribes of Israel, belonging to the tribe of Ephraim, and after the captivity of those tribes, repeopled by Cuthites from Assyria or Chaldea. 2. Denoting the ancient characters and alphabet used by the Hebrews. SAMAR'ITAN, n. 1. An inhabitant of Samaria, or one that belonged to the sect which derived their appellation from that city. The Jews had no dealings with the Samaritans. 2. The language of Samaria, a dialect of the Chaldean.